Choosing the right DBMS (Database management system) from a business prospect may end up having a dilemma in your mind. In recent years, DBMSs like MS SQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, MongoDB, and MySQL have been dominant.
As a relational database, MySQL database has become one of the inexpensive choices for companies searching for a relational database around the world. A non-relational database like MongoDB attends the enterprise’s needs concerning fluid data because of the variety and volume of data.
In a situation like this, it has become more difficult for entrepreneurs to choose among these two as both possess different benefits. In this blog post, we will talk about the two dominant solutions, i.e., MongoDB and MySQL: which one is better from the business prospect.
MySQL database structure stores the values of data in tables and uses SQL to access them. It utilizes schema for defining database structure. The schemas need that the rows in the table have identical structures, with the values been interpreted by particular data types.
Data gets stored in the JSON-like documents having varied structures in the MongoDB database. It saves related data sets collectively to enhance the query speed, which can be accessed with the assistance of MongoDB query language. This database is schema-free, implying it lets the mobile app developers design documents without the obligation to define the document structures.
MongoDB and MySQL practice indexes for obtaining data fast. The contrast in approach occurs when an index is not found or remain undefined.
In MySQL index optimization, when the index remains undefined, then database engines are caused to scan the entire table for attaining appropriate rows.
In the case of MongoDB, if an index is not found, each particular document in a collection should be scanned for choosing the document that appears a match to the query statement.
MySQL is written in C++ and C language. It comprises of binaries for following a set of systems: OS X, Microsoft Windows, AIX, Linux, FreeBSD, BSDi, IRIX, HP-UX, NetBSD, etc.
Speed & Performance
The data spread over different tables in the MySQL database, which implies multiple tables should be accessed for reading & writing the data, which in turn lowers the app speed to a certain extent.
Unlike MySQL, MongoDB stores the data of the entity in a single document, making the speed and performance of the applications faster and better. It also provides the ability to write and read data wholly in one place.
The primary security features in MongoDB cover auditing & authentication and authorization. Users will also find it feasible because of the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) for encryption of the ends, which ensures that only authorized persons can only read the documents.
A security model of MySQL is based on the privilege which intimates that a client is verified by MySQL and can benefit a database like UPDATE, SELECT, INSERT, and CREATE.
When to Choose MongoDB
- If your business requires high data availability along with fast, automatic, and prompt data recovery.
- In case your business works with an uncertain schema and wants to lessen the schema migration cost.
- If you are a cloud-based services provider, as the native scale-out structure that MongoDB has will be suitable for your business. MongoDB will be best as the architecture is enabled by sharding, which regulates with the agility and horizontal scaling offered by cloud computing.
When to Choose MySQL
- In case your database is not going to scale much.
- If you have a fixed schema, and the data structure won’t change over time.
- If you are contemplating high-performance in a low budget
- If the security of the data is your foremost priority for your business, then MySQL is more secure.
Both databases have different benefits that can be useful in various businesses. To choose between the two, you need to take into consideration your project goals and many other things. If you are still in a dilemma about which one to choose for your business, feel free to contact an expert mobile application development team for seeking guidance.